This is a good week to feel proud to be a Spaniard: https://wp.me/p2FI1E-cL
“Venceréis, pero no convenceréis” – una bella frase que, al parecer, nunca fue pronunciada. En lugar de eso, fue atribuida a Unamuno por su discípulo Luis Portillo, en el exilio en Londres, como parte de una evocación literaria de unos eventos que él no presenció. Después un hispanista británico citó la frase en un estudio de la Guerra Civil Española describiéndola, por error, como una traducción basada en relatos de testigos presenciales. De ahí, la bella cita saltó a España donde fue universalmente aceptada como una cita literal. Ahora un historiador español ha logrado desenmarañar el embrollo.
¿Que por qué es noticia esto en el Guardian? Pues porque el hijo de Luis Portillo, Michael, es uno de los ex-parlamentarios tories más populares, que fue ministro de defensa en el gobierno de John Major y al que un día se le consideró ampliamente como un probable sucesor. Michael Portillo iba a llevar al partido Conservador en una dirección mucho más liberal. Para bien o para mal, esas esperanzas fueron cortadas de raíz por la avalancha Laborista de 1997, que llevó a Tony Blair al poder con una mayoría histórica y se cobró muchas víctimas conservadoras, incluido Michael Portillo que, al perder su escaño, abandonó la política y se dedicó a la televisión.
- The oath of allegiance. As a naturalised citizen, I would have to take it. Those who are born British only have to in particular cases – principally if they join the armed forces. Whether I believe in it or not is beside the point (after all, even Galileo admitted the Sun revolves around the Earth when it came to the rub). In fact, my deep love for this country probably means I would be quite ready to do a lot for it. The point is that a different standard of patriotism is required from naturalised citizens. I am not comfortable with that – in some senses it would make me feel more like a second-class citizen than I do now.
- I would lose some of my rights as a Spanish citizen. Although the UK and Spain have, relatively recently, signed a double-nationality agreement, when you become a citizen of a second country you have to give up some of your rights as a citizen of the first. In particular, you lose the right to seek consular assistance in your original country when you are in the new one. So I would gain some rights (particularly the right to vote in UK parliamentary elections) but lose others.
- Deep down, I do not believe in nations. I think the rights and responsibilities of citizens should be defined by our common humanity and our actual individual circumstances, not by some abstract legal constructs of nationhood and citizenship which often do not reflect the much more complex, multi-faceted reality of people’s lives. Somehow applying to become a national of a particular country seems like an endorsement of the very idea of nationhood – which has given us so many evils and does so much to distort every debate about how best to live together.
In summary, my current legal status as a citizen of Spain who is a permanently-resident, tax-paying resident of the UK I think reflects the complexity of who I am much better than the apparent simplification that would be afforded by becoming a UK citizen. That said, the potentially massive loss of rights I would incur if the UK left the EU would seriously reduce my options. Were I to decide to stay in the UK after such an event, I might decide that becoming a UK citizen is the better option. By doing this I would become, on paper, a much simpler entity – a British subject living on British soil. I think the primary motor of the whole Leave campaign is a yearning for simplicity in a world that has become too hard to understand for many people. But you cannot wish away complexity by writing on a piece of paper. My belief is that Brexit would not bring about that simplicity – it would lead to chaos and injustice for everyone.
The simplicity so many people yearn for can only be achieved via a cultural shift. We must move beyond trying to explain the present world using the categorisations that worked well in the past, but which are no longer relevant. Our ideal should be “Imagine”, not “God save the Queen”. I think giving citizens of an EU country living in a different one the vote might be a step in the right direction.
PS: When I expressed the above views to my friend Philip and asked him about his own situation he told me that he took up German citizenship four years ago. As a result, he did not feel disenfranchised as I do. All that was required from him was a more pragmatic attitude towards the symbolism associated with naturalisation than I manage to exhibit. I couldn’t help thinking that his attitude and mine fitted in with long-held national stereotypes: British pragmatism vs the type of Quixotic attitude only a Spaniard could manage to sustain for so long. Another layer of complexity or one of the dangerous simplifications I deplore?